In our study of Ancient Rome, Josh and Megan enjoyed learning how to build a model of a Roman road. Brianna was in charge of the salt dough map, so I let Josh and Megan take charge of the road model.
To build a road, the Ancient Romans first dug a ditch. Then, they filled the ditch with sand, followed by a layer of gravel. On top of the gravel came a layer of concrete, which they made from volcanic ash. They made the final layer of smooth stones. Many of these roads are still around today.
Items needed to build a Roman road model:
How to Build a Model of a Roman Road:
Step 1: You’ll make the model by making each layer a little shorter than the last so that each is visible in the finished product. First, mix water with Elmer’s glue to make a “paintable” glue. (Mod Podge could be substituted here.) Spread the glue all over the inside bottom of the shoe box lid. Then, spread a layer of sand over the glue and let it dry for about 30 minutes.
Step 2: Shake off the excess sand, Then, paint glue over 3/4 of the sand. Spread the gravel (we used gravel sold for fish tanks) over the glue. Next, pour the watered down glue over the top of the gravel to hold it in place. Let this layer dry overnight.
Step 3: Use plaster of Paris to represent the concrete. Mix according to package directions. Cover half of the sand and gravel with the plaster.
Step 4: While the plaster is still soft, add “paving stones.” Ours were decorative stones from the craft/candle section of Wal-mart. If I had it to do over again, I would have bought larger, smoother stones and I would have let the plaster set just a bit longer. (Also, I think the kids should have put the rocks closer together, but I was trying to leave them alone and let this be their project.)
The finished project turned out great. It gave Josh and Megan a better understanding of how the Romans constructed roads, and they were very proud to have something that they made themselves to display as part of our study of Ancient Rome.